This manual page collects the incantations required to bootstrap
Plan 9 machines. Some of the information here is specific to the
installation at Bell Labs; some is generic. |
If a CPU server is up, BOOTP/DHCP and TFTP will run from there;
if not, the necessary files and services must be available on
a separate machine, such as a Unix system, to use these protocols
Be sure to read boot(8) to understand what happens after the kernel
To bootstrap a diskless terminal or a CPU server, a file server
must be running. PCs can boot from a floppy disk or any FAT16
partition. On all the terminals, typing two control–T's followed
by a lower–case r reboots the machine; other methods of rebooting
are mentioned for some machines.
To boot a PC, it is necessary to get /386/9boot or /386/9load
loaded into memory. There are many ways to do this. A Plan 9 boot
floppy prepared by format (see prep(8)) will load 9load when the
PC is reset or powered on. Other methods are described in 9boot(8).
9boot or 9load then locates and loads a
Plan 9 kernel, using configuration information from the matching
file in /cfg/pxe (9boot) or the file plan9.ini stored in the 9fat
configuration partition or on a DOS file system (9load). See 9boot(8)
Once the kernel is booted, it behaves like the others. See boot(8)
The Plan 9 CPU servers are multi–user, so they do not request a
user name when booting. On the CPU servers, typing a control–P
on the console reboots the machine.
PC CPU Server
Proceed as for the PC terminal, but load /386/9pccpu or /386/9pccpudisk.
MIPS Routerboard CPU Server
Configure RouterBOOT via the serial port (115200 baud) to always
boot from Ethernet via DHCP and TFTP, and arrange to load the
ELF executable /mips/9rb in ndb(6).
All ARM systems are started by U–boot using similar commands. The
kernels (and thus ndb bootf parameters) are
/arm/9gd for the Marvell PXA168–based Guruplug Display
/arm/9plug for other Marvell Kirkwoods (Sheevaplug, Guruplug, Dreamplug,
/arm/9beaglefor TI OMAP3 boards (IGEPv2 from ISEE, Gumstix Overo)
/arm/9ts for Trimslice systems, which contain the Nvidia Tegra
/arm/9picpu for Raspberry Pis
In the following, replace MAC with your board's MAC address without
colons, in lower case (the format of the ether ndb attribute).
If loading from a non–Plan–9 TFTP server, replace %C with /cfg/pxe/MAC.
First, establish a /cfg/pxe (plan9.ini) file for the new CPU server.
For Kirkwood plugs,
and edit /cfg/pxe/MAC to taste. For PXA plugs, replace kw with
pxa; for OMAP boards, replace kw with omap and be sure to edit
the line for ether0 to set
cd /cfg/pxe; cp example–kw MAC|
Second, configure U–boot to load the appropriate kernel and /cfg/pxe
file at suitable addresses and start the kernel. For Sheevaplugs
and Openrd boards, type this at U–boot once:
For Guruplugs Displays, do the same but type this after setenv
setenv bootdelay 2|
# type the next two lines as one
setenv bootcmd 'bootp; bootp; tftp 0x1000 %C; bootp; tftp 0x800000;
For Kirkwood Guruplugs, type this after setenv bootcmd:
'dhcp; tftpboot; tftpboot 0x1000 %C; bootz 0x500000'|
For IGEPv2 boards, type this after setenv bootcmd:
'dhcp 0x800000; tftp 0x1000 %C; go 0x800000'|
For Gumstix Overo boards, type this after setenv bootcmd:
'tftp 0x80300000 %C; dhcp 0x80310000; go 0x80310000'|
For Trimslice systems, type this after setenv bootcmd:
'bootp 0x80310000; bootp 0x80300000 %C; go 0x80310000'|
For Raspberry Pis, gunzip the pi.uboot.sd.img.gz named below onto
an SD card and insert that into your Pi.
'dhcp; dhcp; tftpboot 0x410000; tftpboot 0x400000 %C; go 0x410000'|
Thereafter, the boards will automatically boot via BOOTP and TFTP